The issue of language in the math classroom is especially acute when it comes to word problems. When helping districts analyze their assessment data, it is almost inevitable that we will find struggles in standards related to word problems, especially 2-step word problems. In my experience,...

A piece of paper cannot assess. An assessment becomes formative when the information from that assessment is responded to. When a teacher uses the information from an assessment to impact instruction it becomes a formative assessment. When a teacher uses the information from an assessment to...

The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) legislation marks a critical point, not just because it triggered the development of state assessments, but because the legislation created a need for assessment data throughout the year. Leaders across the country realized that they did not want to...

The core of the PLC premise is that education communities must also be learning communities. As leaders and instigators of change, how do we recognize that learning? How do we see professional community growth? What are the characteristics of intelligent professional communities? The indicators range...